Anatomical study of Glossocardia bosvallia (L.f.) DC. (Asteraceae)
Keywords:Glossocardia bosvallia, Endemic, Authentication, Anatomy
The investigated medicinally and ethno-medicinally very important taxon endemic to the Western Ghats of India. This taxon belonging to the medicinally rich sources of Asteraceae plant family. The various medicinally important components deposited in various parts of plant. The current investigation was completed to find the anatomical characters of Glossocardia bosvallia. The G. bosvalliaan endemic taxa to India, were a major plant population distributed in the Western Ghats of India.The plant shows distinct anatomical characters of stem and root. It shows the presence of resin oil cavities and large solitary calcium crystals in the region of the cortex of the stem and root of G. bosvallia. During the study of G. bosvalliawe noted different anatomical attributes transverse section of the stem and root, were as epidermis layer, cortex, sclereids, cork, vascular bundle, phloem cell layer, phloem medullary rays, xylem medullary rays, xylem vessels, arc vascular bundle, and pitted type parenchyma. This taxon's anatomical study has yet to be studied by a single researcher. The various plant parts have some medicinally important depositions that will be used in the future to cure diseases or abnormalities. G. bosvallia species has a prominent ethnomedicinal plant used for treatments of various illnesses and irregularities such as throat infection, hoarseness of throat, alcohol addiction, anti-fertility action, and bacillary dysentery, anthelmintic, cure bloat, swelling, pains, sores, wounds, emmenagogue, and gynecological disorders.