Impact of Arg72Pro polymorphism in P53 gene in cancer susceptibility in Algerian population
Keywords:Cancer, P53 gene, Polymorphism, Arg72Pro, PCR/RFLP
TP53 is a tumor suppressor gene involved in the development of several types of cancer. It has been reported that single nucleotide polymorphism in codon 72 of this gene, causing substitution of a Proline for an Arginine, may increase the risk of carcinogenesis. The objective of this study was to assess the frequency of the Arg72Pro polymorphism and to look for a possible association between this polymorphism and the occurrence of cancer. Our study concerned 82 DNA samples collected from the DNA bank of the Laboratory of Biology and Molecular Genetics of the Constantine University 3, and grouped 2 populations: 41 controls and 41 patients with one of three types of cancer: breast cancer, cervical cancer and lung cancer. This polymorphism was detected with PCR / RFLP. The results obtained in our study revealed a significant difference between the two patient and control groups for the heterozygous CG genotype (OR = 0.13, P = 0.001), which makes it possible to conclude that the CG genotype constitutes a risk factor in the occurrence cancer. However, the study showed that there is no difference between the Pro allele and the Arg allele in the patients compared to the controls (OR = 0.95, P = 0.87), which could rule out the possible association between the Arg72Pro polymorphism and the onset of cancer.