Risk Factors and etiology linked to infertility in a Sample of Eastern Algerian couples
Infertility is one of the major gynecological problems In Algeria and in many other parts of the world. The aim of this study was to determine risk factors and etiology associated to infertility in Eastern Algerian couples. This pro-spective study was conducted in the centre of assisted reproduction Ibn Rochd Clinic, Constantine, Algeria. A total of 346 infertile couples were in-cluded. The variables including socio-demographic characteristics, body mass index (BMI), and infertility status (e.g. type of infertility, duration, etc.) were assessed by a self-administered and validated questionnaire. Data analysis was carried out using SPSS version 21.0.The most common causes of male and female infertility were varicocele (28.3%) and ovulation disorders (43.07%), respectively, militaries was the most represented group of the study 34.1%.(80.1%) of infertile couples suffered from primary infertility and (19.1%) had secondary infertility. There was a significant association be-tween female factor infertility and, age at marriage of women, Place of resi-dence, BMI (Body mass Index), and menstrual cycle regularities (P < 0.005). There was also a significant relationship between male factor infertility men’s age at marriage, profession, place of residence, and smoking (P < 0.005).An important step towards reducing the occurrence of these risk fac-tors can be taken, given the various risk factors for infertility, by offering different education classes during the premarital, prenatal, pregnancy and postnatal periods in order to inform couples about controllable risk factors.